Civil

Abraham Lincoln Review

Abraham Lincoln Review (b. February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States from 1861-1865. Lincoln Was President during the Civil War, America’s Bloodiest war. Lincoln also signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which officially outlawed slavery in the U.S. Lincoln was Born in Hodgenville, Kentucky and grew up on the American frontier. Lincoln was largely self-educated and one of his first jobs was as a Lawyer in Illinois. And in 1834 He was elected into the Illinois House of Representatives. From there he was elected to the U.S. house of Representatives and eventually President of the United States in 1861.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN REVIEW

Lincoln in 1863

Personal Information

Born: February 12, 1809, Hodgenville, Kentucky, United States

Died: April 15, 1865 (aged 56) Washington D.C., United States

Resting Place: Lincoln Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery,

Springfield, IL

Nationality: American

Spouse: Mary (Todd) Lincoln

Children: Robert Lincoln, Edward Lincoln, Willie Lincoln, Tad Lincoln

Profession: Lawyer, Politician

Political Party: Whig (1834-1854) Republican (1854-1865)

Military Service

Branch: Illinois Militia

Length of Enlistment: 3 Months

Rank: Captain (April 21, 1832 – May 27, 1832)

Private (May 28, 1832 – July 10, 1832)

War(s): Black Hawk War

Political Career

Member of the Illinois House of Representatives: 1834 – 1842

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois’s 7th District: March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849

16th President of the United States:

March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865

Vice President(s); Hannibal Hamlin (1861-1865) &

Andrew Johnson (1865)

Preceded by; James Buchanan

Succeeded by; Andrew Johnson

 

Early Life:

Lincoln Was born on a Farm in Hardin County Kentucky, to parents; Thomas and Nancy Lincoln. Lincoln’s American roots run back nearly 200 years before his birth, when his Great-great-great-great Grandfather, Samuel Lincoln came to the then colonies in 1638 from Norfolk, England. During Abraham’s early childhood, his family moved several times due to land disputes between the Kentucky courts and his father. Eventually, the Lincolns decided to settle in Perry County, Indiana. In October of 1818, Nancy Lincoln, Abraham’s Mother died of disease when Lincoln was only nine years old. But just a year later, in December of 1819 Lincoln’s Father remarried, and Abraham grew very close to his new step-mother but never really enjoyed the company of his three step-siblings, as he described in future writings. Lincoln, even though he was raised on a farm and never attended school regularly, disliked farming and spent most of his time self-educating himself. Many friends and family members noted that he often read and re-read books such as; Robinson Crusoe, The Pilgrims Progress, The Bible, Aesop’s Fables, and Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography. As Lincoln grew older he slowly began to warm up to the frontier life and was known among the community as a tall and strong young man. In fact, Lincoln won several community wrestling matches as a boy. In 1830 Lincoln’s family moved to Macon County IL. Due to a disease outbreak in their previous Indiana community.

1830 Lincoln’s family moved to Macon County IL

Early Careers and Illinois House of Representatives:

In 1831 Lincoln’s family again moved, However, this time Lincoln decided he needed to begin his own life and moved to the town of New Salem IL where he worked at various jobs and studied for several years and also joined the Illinois militia for a short time in 1832. Lincoln was a Lawyer for a while and was very popular among the community. And in 1834 Lincoln was elected into the Illinois House of Representatives where he again found favor with the people of Illinois. While serving in the Illinois House of Representatives Lincoln Met Mary Todd, at the end of Lincoln’s term in 1842, they were married.

 

U.S. House of Representatives:

In March of 1847 Lincoln was again elected into political office, but this time to the U.S. House of Representatives. While serving in the House, Lincoln along with Joshua R. Giddings, wrote a bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. But Lincoln later abandoned the bill due to lack of support from his political party. Lincoln took a strong stance against the Mexican American War while he was in office. And was one of the key nominators for future president, Zachary Taylor’s 1848 Presidential nomination.

Abraham Lincoln Infographic

Prairie Life:

After completing his service in the U.S. House of Representatives, Lincoln, returned to being a Lawyer for the next decade. During this time Lincoln had four children; Robert, Edward, Willie, and Thomas. However, Robert was the only child survive to adulthood. Lincoln had a very difficult family life and it is said that this was the cause of his permanent frown. While still a child he lost both his mother and sister and later lost three children of his own. Lincoln was the lawyer for many famous cases such as that of William Armstrong. Lincoln appeared before the Illinois supreme court 175 times during his career as a lawyer and won roughly 2/3 of his cases.

 

Presidency:

Even today, 150 years after Lincoln was in office, he is revered as one of America’s most respected historical figures. Lincoln barley one the White House in 1861 with just 39.8% of the vote. Many people today don’t know that Andrew Johnson wasn’t always Lincoln’s Vice President, in fact he wasn’t even the Vice President for a year. The Vice President for Lincoln’s first term was actually Hannibal Hamlin. Lincoln is most famous for the abolition of slavery and for producing the emancipation proclamation. Though this wasn’t as prevalent in that time period, most people were concerned about the Civil War, which wasn’t so much about slavery as people today believe. Another thing people don’t realize about Lincoln’s abolition of slavery is that Lincoln had no right to outlaw slavery even with the legislature’s approval. Because the Constitution says that this was up to each individual state to decide whether or not to allow slavery. And this wasn’t the primary reason the south rebelled either (which they had every right to do). One of the most notable acts of Lincoln’s presidency was the Gettysburg address, made on November 19, 1863, in Honor of the 100,000’s of soldiers who died in the battle. Today in Honor of Lincoln, we have the Lincoln Memorial National Monument in Washington D.C.

 

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